Have you ever submitted text to be posted online, and later discovered odd characters in the place of punctuation? For authors, this can be detrimental to book sales because a book description with errors can make readers think the book itself might have errors too. For writers, this can harm a reputation, especially if the post can’t be edited. What causes these anomalies, and how can you avoid these types of unintentional and embarrassing errors?
When a curly quote from your Word document turns into a question mark, or an apostrophe turns into a square, sketchy blob, you are seeing a character encoding conflict. Sometimes, the characters can resemble cartoon curse words.
Computers don’t understand English, or any of the other 6,499 languages in the world. They talk in binary – a series of ones and zeros. The symbols of language we see dancing across our computers screens are merely a convenience for us humans.
To make that convenience happen, computers have to use character encoding – essentially a table of codes to translate their language of binary into our language of letters, numbers, spaces, and punctuation.
What is ASCII
The first character encoding method was called ASCII (pronounced: AS-KEY), which stands for the American Standard Code for Information Interchange. Developed in the early 1960’s, ASCII consists of 96 symbols, as well as 32 commands that dictate how those 96 symbols should be printed out and/or displayed on a computer terminal. (Remember, the 1960s was the age of punch cards and teletypes.) You can see a table of the symbols and commands HERE.
With the rise of desktop publishing, multi-lingual computer interfaces, and the Internet, the number of symbols needed for computers to interact with humans grew significantly. There are actually now dozens of character encoding methods.
But, How Does This Boring Technical Jargon Affect Your Marketing Activities?
This leads us to the problem we started with – our curly quote looking like a question mark. That’s your Microsoft Word program using one character encoding method while the website you are cut-and-pasting into is using another.
Old, Basic ASCII To The Rescue
Fortunately, every computer that displays the English language has that basic ASCII table still buried deep in its memory banks. For this reason, for any text information an author submits that will ultimately end up in a database or on a website (in other words, anything online), he or she should only use ASCII characters.
How Can I Easily Avoid These Problems?
To assure you are only generating “pure” ASCII characters, your best bet is to write all your descriptions in a plain text editor, and then cut-and-paste directly from that editor. Text editors are what programmers use to write computer code – a situation where it does indeed matter that the computer understands exactly what the programmer means.
While these pieces of software have a ton of extra features the average author won’t use, they are the best tools for talking to computers.
If you really want to get deep in the weeds on the subject of character encoding (you’re still awake, right?), here are a couple of great resources:BookLocker.com (one of the original POD publishers that still gets books to market in less than a month), PubPreppers.com (print and ebook design for authors who truly want to self-publish), and Abuzz Press (the publishing co-op that charges no setup fees).
WritersWeekly.com - the free marketing ezine for writers, which features new paying markets and freelance job listings every Wednesday.
BookLocker.com - According to attorney Mark Levine, author of The Fine Print, BookLocker is: "As close to perfection as you're going to find in the world of ebook and POD publishing. The ebook royalties are the highest I've ever seen, and the print royalties are better than average. BookLocker understands what new authors experience, and have put together a package that is the best in the business. You can't go wrong here. Plus, they're selective and won't publish any manuscript just because it's accompanied by a check. Also, the web site is well trafficked. If you can find a POD or epublisher with as much integrity and dedication to selling authors' books, but with lower POD publishing fees, please let me know."
Abuzz Press offers FAST and FREE book publication, but only accepts a small percentage of submissions, and only works with U.S. authors.
PubPreppers.com - "We Prep, You Publish!" Print and ebook design for authors who truly want to self-publish. Offers formatting and design services only, and then provides simple instructions for authors on where to sign up to have the print and ebook editions printed/listed/sold. Cut out the middle man. Keep 100% of what bookstores pay for your book!
Got questions about Print On Demand and Self-publishing? Just ask.
Have a POD Book with another publisher? See if BookLocker can give you a better deal. (BookLocker offers "disgruntled author discounts" to those who want to move from other POD services.)
See BookLocker's publishing packages HERE.
BOOKLOCKER ON FACEBOOK - Provides links to free excerpts!