What does “ibid” mean?

What does “ibid” mean? I’ve seen it referenced in footnotes in books.


Ibid is the abbreviation of Ibidem, which is Latin for “the same place.” Basically, it means the source for that footnote, endnote or reference is the same as the previous footnote, endnote, or reference. Think of it as a scholary ditto mark. For more information, see: https://wapedia.mobi/en/Ibid